LEADING THE WAY
BRADY’s Reservoir Restoration business line has a singular focus: the most effective code compliant and safe restoration of municipal water storage reservoirs. BRADY is internationally recognized as a leader in the field of water storage facilities. Our team includes two of the industry’s foremost experts in reservoirs: Richard Brady, P.E., BCEE who has managed more than 50 reservoir design projects of all types, shapes and sizes, and Max Dykmans, S.E. who has completed more than 3,000 prestressed concrete reservoir projects around the world over the past 40 years. Lastly, our approach saves up to 35% on project costs and produces 33.5% faster project completion times when using our r360™ progressive design-build process, our unique system where we are the design-build entity, general contractor, and client’s single contract holder.
“We are considered among the most experienced, focused, and capable experts in the world.”
Richard Brady is the founder, President and Chief Executive Officer of Richard Brady & Associates (BRADY).
He has 36 years of experience in water resources planning and in the design, management, and construction administration of drinking water supply projects. He is also an internationally-recognized water engineer and a contributing author to the AWWA’s “Water Treatment Plant Design”. He has served as the Project Manager for water treatment plant projects plant sizes ranging in size from 5 mgd up to 2,000 mgd. His resume for surface water treatment plant projects exceeds 6 billion gallons per day.
Lee Biggers has over 40 years of experience in the structural engineering profession, and has been responsible for the structural design of construction projects collectively totaling over $500M in construction cost.
He has designed single and multi-story residential buildings, schools, waterfront structures, bridges, Water/wastewater structures, and airfield hangars. Mr. Biggers has also performed forensic investigations, peer reviews, rehabilitations, seismic studies, expert witness litigation, and value engineering over the course of his career. He has prepared PS&E packages, provided structural design, assessed structural stability and load-bearing capacities, and conducted seismic evaluations for new and existing structures. Reflecting his contributions to the profession, Mr. Biggers was inducted as a Fellow of the Structural Engineers Association of California.
Max Dykmans is a civil/structural engineer with over 45 years of relevant experience in the design and construction of water and wastewater reservoirs and supporting infrastructure.
Mr. Dykmans has designed and/or constructed over 2 billion gallons (500 MG in Southern California) of reservoir capacity. Prior to joining BRADY in 2011, he was the Founder and President of DYK Incorporated (now DN Tanks, Inc.), responsible for planning, development, and coordination of multiple multi-million dollar projects from design phase through construction of prestressed concrete water and wastewater storage reservoirs. As an active Committee member of AWWA, Mr. Dykmans was instrumental in developing the AWWA D110 standard, which includes a robust evaluation of the ability of reservoirs to withstand earthquakes.
ONE TEAM. ONE FOCUS.
Our core BRADY Reservoir Restoration team has 100+ years of water project engineering experience tackling some of most significant reservoir projects. From the 35 million gallon Earl Thomas reservoir in San Diego, CA – the world’s largest prestressed concrete reservoir at the time in 2005 – to working on over 1+ billion gallons of storage capacity, we are considered among the most experienced, focused, and capable experts in the world.
100+ years of
1+ billion gallons of storage
capacity project experience
1,000’s of collective
Expert witness experience
in high-stakes water projects
Up to $620M
Estimated amount of deferred maintenance of CA water storage reservoirs up to 35 MG needed to become code compliant and safe.
Up to 70%
Estimated percentage of CA municipalities that have water storage reservoirs up to 35MG that require restoration to be code compliant and safe.
Number of municipal water storage reservoirs built before 1970.
$4.7M Per Day
Estimated damage caused by the Oroville reservoir spillway failure.
According to the Department of Water Resources
Up to $200M
Estimated dollar value of savings in CA waiting to be unlocked by reservoir restoration vs. replacement.
Project costs reduced by 15% – 35%
with equivalent outcome
SPEED AND PRECISION
BRADY’s r360™ progressive design build integrated delivery method is estimated at delivering the reservoir restoration project 33.5% faster
REPLACE ONLY FAILED COMPONENTS
Use entire lifecycle of infrastructure vs. early
and unnecessary replacement
Earl Thomas Reservoir
San Diego, CA
City of San Diego
The Earl Thomas Reservoir was constructed in 1957. However, in the late 1990’s, the reservoir fell under the ever-increasing scrutiny of the State of California Department of Safety of Dams due to its age and severe deterioration. The reservoir was considered a “house of cards”, highly susceptible to failure due to a seismic event. Therefore, the reservoir was removed from service in 1998. The reservoir roof was so unstable it was unsafe to even walk on the reservoir roof. (See Civil Engineering Magazine article “Earl Thomas Pre-Stressed Concreter Reservoir is World’s Largest”, June 2005).
BRADY staff conducted both internal and external inspections and prepared a structural and operational reliability analysis to determine the feasibility of rehabilitation, repair or replacement of the aging reservoir. BRADY was then retained to design the replacement of the Earl Thomas Reservoir, which included the redesign of Alvarado’s main treatment plant entrance, originally constructed in 1950, to improve security and appearance. BRADY also provided resident engineering services for the project and was responsible for day-to-day construction administration of civil site work, including the appurtenant piping, pumping, and flow control equipment required for operation of the new reservoir. The work also included a 60-inch diameter tunnel that hydraulically connected the Earl Thomas Reservoir to the twin 21.5 MG reservoirs completed in 1998.
BRADY acted as Project Manager, Designer, and Construction Administrator (advisor)
The Earl Thomas Reservoir project was an award winning project for the City of San Diego Water Department. All design work for this project was performed in accordance with the strictest project-specific quality control procedures, and in cooperation with client quality assurance requirements. The design was accomplished within budgetary and schedule parameters. Our stringent cost control procedures resulted in minimized construction change orders. At project completion, Richard Brady, P.E., BCEE was recognized by City of San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders as the “100 Million Gallon Man”, due to Mr. Brady’s personal responsibility for planning, designing, and managing the construction of more than 100 million gallons of new and rehabilitated reservoir storage for the City of San Diego.
2-21MG Regulating Reservoirs, Alvarado
San Diego, CA
City of San Diego
The City of San Diego was constrained by a site for a treatment plant designed in 1946, and had to expand due to a growing city and the more stringent drinking water quality regulations mandated by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1986. The Alvarado Water Treatment Plant was required to ensure the adequate supply of clean drinking water to its 1.2 million residents via a water plant originally sized at 66 million gallons per day (mgd), that now required 200 mgd and new state-of-the-art clearwell reservoir storage, given the entire City of San Diego’s water supply to 500,000 residents was at risk in the event of a serious seismic event that would result in the collapse of the plant’s aging clearwells. The existing 20 MG rectangular reservoir, state of the art for its time in 1946, had already suffered the collapse of a roof panel that resulted in operational chaos. BRADY was tasked with designing new clearwell storage to meet the demands of a much larger city. In the end, BRADY successfully designed two new 21.5 MG reservoirs to fit in the existing 20 MG footprint – more than doubling the size without the additional need for a single yard of new real estate.
The design of two, 21.5 MG each, circular, prestressed concrete reservoirs, which serve as clearwells to the treatment plant and satisfy the daily water demands for a planned 2060 population of 1 million citizens. At the time of construction, the 21.5 MG size was the largest prestressed concrete reservoir in the state of California. And we built two, in the original 20 MG footprint.
Richard Brady, CEO of BRADY, was the Engineer of Record and served as Project Manager during the extensive design-bid-build process.
Public Awareness: The reservoirs are partially buried and a portion of the roof on one reservoir is dedicated to a Native Plant Demonstration Garden. The reservoirs were primarily designed to provide the City with storage facilities to meet their present and future needs; concurrently, this design enhanced the public’s awareness and understanding of local water issues.
Nationwide Project Award. The Alvarado Regulating Reservoirs project was awarded the American Society of Civil Engineers Outstanding Civil Engineering Project Award in 1998 in the water facilities category, and the American Public Works Associations 1999 National Project of the Year Award. The project also earned the recognition of the Associated General Contractors for Excellence in Underground Utility Construction. In addition, on May 4, 1999, by resolution of the City Council, City of San Diego, the Alvarado Reservoirs and Garden project was officially recognized as an important component of the City’s water distribution system.
5MG HP Reservoir Restoration Project
Vista Irrigation District (VID), CA
Construction: 2017 - Ongoing
Vista Irrigation District, CA (VID)
VID experienced a serious structural issue with a critical 5.0 MG, 55 year old prestressed concrete reservoir. In particular, the exterior prestressing wire and the roof integrity showed significant signs of distress.
At BRADY’s strong recommendation due to the possibility of failure in the event of a seismic event, the tank was immediately drained and removed from service to prevent a potential catastrophic safety hazard. The reservoir was constructed in 1961 in a remote area of Vista’s service area. In 2017, the reservoir is now surrounded by residential communities, extending right up to the site perimeter fencing. Concurrently, VID awarded BRADY a sole sourced contract whereby BRADY, using its r360® Design/Build Method (acting as general contractor and designer of record) developed a fast track restoration plan.
$3,490,000 (50% savings anticipated compared to new tank, not including the costly and environmentally challenging demolition of the existing 5 MG concrete reservoir)
r360® Design/Build Method
Application of new 7-wire galvanized strand prestressing and automated shotcrete. New wall footing and seismic cables. New low-profile aluminum roof installed. OSHA approved roof ventilation, exterior stairwell, and interior stairwell. A multitude of supporting design and repair upgrades resulting in a fully-code compliant and safe reservoir with many decades of enhanced service life.
San Diego, CA
Earl Thomas Reservoir